What Peer Review means in Scientific Journals
Peer Review Meaning, Explained
Ever wondered what Peer Review means when reading a Scientific Journal or other types of medical journals? Even those who don’t read medical journals, may have seen the term “peer review” mentioned in other academic publications. The MWM team provides below, varying but similar meanings of “Peer review” from multiple sources.
San Diego State University explains in the site’s reference page that Peer review means that a board of scholarly reviewers in the subject area of the journal review materials they publish for quality of research and adherence to editorial standards of the journal before articles are accepted for publication. If you use materials from peer-reviewed publications they have been vetted by scholars in your field for quality and importance. (Source)
Information on Wikipedia explains Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers). It constitutes a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field. Peer review methods are employed to maintain standards of quality, improve performance, and provide credibility. In academia peer review is often used to determine an academic paper’s suitability for publication. (Source)
The University of Texas also explained what means. According to the academic institution, Peer Review is a process that journals use to ensure the articles they publish represent the best scholarship currently available. When an article is submitted to a peer reviewed journal, the editors send it out to other scholars in the same field (the author’s peers) to get their opinion on the quality of the scholarship, its relevance to the field, its appropriateness for the journal, etc. (Source)
- Would you say this page provides the best and straightforward definitions or meaning of the term “Peer Review“?